Directories & Search Engines


Databases / Digital Collections

  • Center for International Earth Science Information Network
    (Columbia University)

  • Digital Library for Earth System Education (National Science Foundation) "community-based effort involving teachers, students, and scientists working together to create a library of educational resources and services to support Earth system science education, at all levels"

  • GeoRef (American Geological Institute)  Access to over 2.3 million references to articles, books, maps, conference papers, and theses covering the geosciences

  • MinMax Mineral Information System  (Zampano) a multi-language (currently english and german), very extensive and interactive database of minerals, locality references, minerals links, forums and many other features for mineral collectors. It is open for everyone and also everybody can be an author on MinMax and contribute data, images, articles, comments and links as an editor and edit and change minerals, localities, almost everything.

  • National Geophysical Data Center

  • Images and property data for a variety of gems and minerals. Over 190 different property descriptions are available here with over 1,000 different photographs at this site. Plus, the Web designers disclose the methods and equipment used to photograph the minerals on their site.

  • U.S. Geological Survey Web Server

  • U.S.G.S. National Geologica Map Database

  • Visible Earth  (NASA) a searchable directory of images, visualizations, and animations of the earth.


Dictionaries & Encyclopedias

Electronic Journals & Newsletters


  •  Earth Science News, Maps, Dictionary, Articles, Jobs

General Resources



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